International conference on Sustainable Cities & Communities (ICSCC 2020)

Anveshana 2020
February 19, 2020
Report on Industrial Visit to Kimia Biosciences Ltd.
March 5, 2020


Day 1

School of Basic and Applied Sciences (SoBAS), GD Goenka University (GDGU) hosted an International Conference on Sustainable Cities and Communities (ICSCC 2020) in collaboration with Arizona State University (ASU). On first day of the conference, the event started by lighting of lamp and welcoming the dignitaries from ASU, Dr. Gary Driks (Senior Director, Global Future Laboratory and Light Works®, ASU), Ms. Anne Reichman (Director, Sustainable Cities Network, ASU), Dr. Nalini Chhetri (Associate Director for International Initiatives, SFIS), Dr. Jyoti Parikh (Executive Director, IRADe, New Delhi) and Mr. R.K. Rai, Secretary, BEE, Ministry of Power, Governmnet of Inida. Prof. (Dr.) R.K. Thakur (Dean, School of Basic and Applied Sciences), Prof. (Dr.) Jayashankar Variyar (Pro-Vice Chancellor) and Prof. (Dr.) Suku Bhaskaran (President, GDGU) delivered the welcome note. They all emphasized the importance of sustainability in cities and communities and motivated faculty members to work in synergy with ASU members for the development of the sustainable programs for the betterment of cities and communities. Prof. (Dr.) Thakur encouraged the students to use their knowledge for human’s betterment and acknowledge Arizona State University for accepting the invitation for sustainability conference. UN agenda 2030 for SDG.

Thereafter, conference curtains were raised by presenting the abstract book to all the dignitaries.

The keynote speaker Dr. Gary Driks, ASU talked about their perspective of work and partnerships. He discussed about several challenges and issues in different sectors of water, heat, clean energy, immigration, and decarbonization in the state of Phoenix/Maricopa. According to their Clean Energy Commitments, they are targeting the elimination of coal by end of 2031, 65% clean energy by 2030 with 45% renewable energy and assuring 100% clean environment i.e. carbon free electricity by 2050. They highlighted the aspirations of their designed project programmes in favour of transforming the society, enabling the student success, and fusing intellectual disciplines, inspired global engagements and building enterprise model. He mentioned the partnership programmes will focus on the areas of sustainability, technology innovations and education/workforce.

Second session of the conference was a panel discussion held on “Sustainable cities & communities”. Session was chaired by Dr. Gary Driks, Ms. Anne Reichman, Dr. Nalini Chhetri, Dr. Jyoti Parikh, Mr. R.K Rai and Prof. (Dr.) R.K Thakur. In first part of the session the panellist shared their thoughts on various topics concerning climate change and sustainability in particular Green Infrastructure, building relationships among companies to tackle Sustainability, Global Communities w.r.t Global problems. By turn they talked on the given topic for five minutes each, shared the informal ideas based on their experiences, information & data, and discussed the outcomes.. Prof. Gary Dirks, explained the critical role played by university and also its responsibility to the cities and communities through research, knowledge and education. Ms. Rene, discussed about the value of ASU’s sustainable cities network and how this network advance knowledge of sustainable cities and communities. Why such partnership and approach has been key to advancing the idea of sustainable cities? Dr. Nalini Chhetri very clearly explained about the academic side of how specific partnership works through research proposals and activities + classroom applied projects/ capstone/culminating experiences in addressing issues of sustainable and smart cities and communities of the current and future. Adding to this Mr. Rai and Dr. Parekh, gave their valuable remarks on the current regulatory and market status of energy efficiency. His views on the compliance of ECBC code and its importance were remarkable. It was an interactive and highly informative session experienced by the students. Dr. Thakur discussed regarding role of education to achieve sustainable development goals.


Third session of the conference was on the Oral Presentations. Students from IIT Kanpur, BIT Ranchi, Jamia Humdard University, NIT Calicut, BML Munjal University, Amity University and others had an enthusiastic participation. There were total 60 participations for oral presentations and 10 for poster presentations. All the research scholars had presented their research work. The presentations occurred in parallel sessions under 4 different themes: 1. Industry Innovation and Infrastructure, 2. Water Science and Technology, 3. Clean Energy and Fuel, and 4. Material and Agricultural Sciences. All the presentations were informative and best paper was awarded during presentation under all themes.

Fourth session of the conference was a Power Talk and Round Table discussion was also organized. Dr. Sain Dass, Ex Director, Directorate of Maize Research, ICAR talked upon Indian Agriculture Scenario and Future Challenges. He spoke about major challenges faced in agriculture in sense of pollution i.e. Land degradation, Food demand, Water security, Increased population. His objective was to promote climate safety through Research, Teaching and Extension. 7 groups of eight students each were formed for round table discussion. They discussed among themselves about question they were provided as; current work of GD Goenka university in terms of research, role of university in tackling problems of Agriculture/Air/Pollution/Waste/Energy, 1-2 ideas where university can address these issues. Students had to make a report including their outcomes from discussion for each group.

Lastly, the first day of the conference was ended with Cultural Programme where in students of GDGU entertained the guests with folk dances from different states of India.


Day 2

School of Basic and Applied Sciences (SoBAS), GD Goenka University (GDGU) hosted an International Conference on Sustainable Cities and Communities (ICSCC 2020) in collaboration with Arizona State University (ASU). On second day of the conference 8 February, 2020 a joint talk by ASU’s representatives Dr. Nalini Chhetri, Associate Director for International Initiatives, SFIS and Ms. Anne Reichman, Sustainable Cities Network, ASU was delivered on “ASU Model, a brief introduction to ASU, it’s Sustainable Cities Network and Affiliated programs was presented. They talked about role of Sustainable Cities Network in terms of Connecting Communities, Advancing Sustainability and Cultivating Solutions. They enlightened all the audience about their various successful city projects and their relationships with them.

Second session of the conference was organized a workshop on “Sustainable Solutions for Modern and Healthy Living” to facilitate information and idea exchange to encourage Sustainability Partnerships between universities and cities and identify potential collaborative opportunities. There were total of three Roundtable Discussions were held with a little break in between. Participants of groups of 6-8 students sat together and discussed sustainable outcomes of given Air pollution, Waste management, Energy resources and Agriculture. They were given twenty minutes to discuss among themselves and afterwards, the leader of the groups showcased their views to the Panelists. First talk was delivered by Mr. Rohit Magotra, Deputy Director, IRADe on “Delhi air quality forecast and electric vehicle impact on healthcare sector”. This was followed by talk by Dr. Sanchita Jindal, Former Advisor, MoEFCC on topic related to Waste Management. Third discussion was by Mr. Pankaj Batra, Project Director, SARI/EI, IRADe. A parallel Poster Presentation session was going on during the Network Break session. Posters were beautifully put and explained by the students on topic such as; ‘Catalytic and Medicinal properties of metal coordinate’, ‘Micro Plastic Pollution in Aquatic Ecosystems and their Solutions’, ‘Temple Waste: A Source of Biogas’, ‘Sustainable Development and Innovations of Bio Plastics’ and ‘Technological Developments in the Waste Water Treatment’.

Lastly the conference ended with the valedictory session. Dr. R.K. Thakur delivered the concluding remarks, emphasizing the importance of the conference stating that the confernce covered topics relevant to the pursuit of emerging trends and technologies in pursuit of sustainability and highlighted important issues in agriculture, energy, higher education, pollution, waste management and environmental dimensions of sustainability. All these issues are well aligned with the Agenda of UN 2030 for sustainable development goals.

This was followed by award ceremony and presenting a token of thanks to all the organizers, panelist Dr. Drik, Dr. Riechman and Dr.Chettri, Dr. Sanchita Jindal, Dr. Sain Dass, Mr. Rohit Magotra, Mr. Pankaj Batra, Ms. Saloni Jain, particpants and student volunteers. Awards for Participation in Conference, Best Oral Presentation, Best Poster Presentation and Certificate of Appreciation were awarded to the students.


Session- Industry Infrastructure and Innovation

The subject of the oral presentations of this session was Industry Infrastructure and Innovations. The broad issues of the session were the increasing level of population, growing competition, unhealthy lifestyle, pollution, synthesized food, etc. have projected new health challenges in almost every country. The high amount charging hospitals and the long queues are also some big issues to be resolved. In the shadow of these above issues, regular and home-based portable design of the health signal monitoring system. Synthesis of metalloenzymes for biological processes. Development of special and generalization of extended gauss hypergeometric functionals to simply by the complex analysis and data functions.

Ms. Ekta presented her work on “The IoT for Healthcare and Telemedicine”. It was presented that the system can be implemented by interconnecting all the body signal measurers at the same platform hardware. These hardware devices will have connectivity with the cloud through the internet. This arrangement of joining all the devices through the sensors and then to the internet is called as Internet of Things or IoT. Then to empowering these devices to gather information on their own, without human intervention in the medical field can be termed as telemedicine or IoHT (Internet of Health Things). Ms. Richa delivered the insights her work on the topic “Reversible interconversion of bridged–oxo diferric complexes into bridged-hydroxo diferric complexes by acid-base addition”. She has synthesised three iron-based complexes which are bridged by one oxo ligand and one bidentate carboxylate (1: Formate, 2: acetate, 3: Benzoate) ligand. These complexes have the beauty of reversibility and interconversion which could show greater magnetic and catalytic properties. Ms. Tripti Dahiya presented her work on “an extension of the generalized Hurwitz – lerch zeta function of n-variables”. She emphasized on the finding of new extensions for the generalized Hurwitz- lerch zeta function of n-variables and several properties of various integral representations, summation formula and nth derivative of new extended function is investigated which provides certain new generalizations of known extensions. Ms. Amrita Agrawal presented her work on “Integral representations and transforms for further generalized extended hypergeometric and confluent hypergeometric functions”. Her work was to develop generalized form of Extended Gauss Hypergeometric and Confluent Hypergeometric function by using Generalized Beta function. Also, explored various properties and formulas like integral representations, Mellin transform, differentiation formulas, transformation formulas for these Further Generalized extended Hypergeometric and Confluent Hypergeometric functions.

Design and development of home-based portable design of the health signal monitoring system which would help in collecting data on their own without human intervention in the medical field. Development of iron complexes with actual applications in magnetic and catalytic chemistry in biological processes. Determination and developing the functions is that they inherit most of the properties of the original functions and provide new relations between different functions. Therefore, results of this paper are general in character and give some contributions to the theory of the special function. All the presentations emphasized their effort in creating a model in favour of sustainability and industry innovations.

Session- Materials and Agricultural Sciences

The session was chaired by Dr. Jyoti Ahlawat and Dr. Priyanka Sharma, There were total five oral presentations which was been presented during the session. The papers that presented in the particular topic area of ‘Materials and Agricultural Science’ ID19, ID65, ID67, ID96 and ID102.

Paper ID19 presented by Pratibha Agarwal from GD Goenka Unversity, talked about ‘Reversible inter-conversion of Copper (II) dimers into monomers of phenolate-based ligands: Experimental and Theoretical Visions’. The presenter and her group synthesized a ligand-copper complex in dimer and monomer form, characterized and proposed its various application in photolysis, DNA engineering, etc. Paper ID65 presented by Faheem Ashraf from IIT Delhi, presented their scientific work titled ‘A thorough analysis on air quality in Delhi region of India using a network of low-cost monitoring devices’. A very low cost self-made sensor had been constructed to analyse air quality extensively. The presenter exhibited thorough study of air quality near IIT Delhi area and analyse the results found. He talked about hazardous particulate matters, their duration of increased level, decreased level, etc. It had been found from the study that besides cities even the green areas are highly polluted with particulate matter and poor air quality. Paper ID67, presented by Himanshi Yadav from GD Goenka University, discussed about ‘Climate Quality Management’. It comprised of the general awareness among youth in urban area, CO2 evolution for subsequent years, causes and a survey done by the presenter through social media, their outcomes and proposed solutions. Paper ID96 presented by Dr. Shaili Srivastava from Amity University, discussed their already published scientific work titled ‘Isolation and characterization of CO2 sequestering Bacillus sp. SS105 for the production of Bio surfactant’. It was discussed how the bio surfactant from the bacteria are analysed quantitatively and qualitatively by various characterization techniques such as FTIR, NMR, SEM and application of these biosurfactants in degradation of harmful pollutants such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Finally paper ID102 presented by Dr. Jaswinder Kaur from GD Goenka University, talked about ‘Eco friendly pest management in maize: A need for food and environmental safety’. She talked about different aspects and steps of pest management in maize. She explained the conventional method and also how out of box ideas may simply improve the already existing management procedure and be implemented for more effective environmental safety.

Session- Clean Energy and Fuel

The session on clean energy and fuel was started by Ms. Kiran Kumar Dangwal. The topic of her talk was Review of Green Energy Technologies for Irrigation in Remote Hilly Area. The talk focused on the need of reviving traditional machinery for irrigation in hilly areas where mostly aged people are involved in agriculture. The machinery mentioned in the talk were spiral pump, hydram, capillary lift, rainwater harvesting and drip irrigation. Working principles of the afore-mentioned equipment were discussed in moderate detail. The chairs enquired whether any ground analysis of the efficiency of these machineries was undertaken for hilly terrain. The speaker replied that the work is under progress.

This was followed by talk on Review on Brewery Wastewater Treatment with Constructed Wetlands – A Green Technology by Mr. Mahesh Kothiyal. His talk focussed on the need of water conservation for water intensive industries like brewery, in this case. The method highlighted by the speaker was waste water treatment by constructed wetlands. Emerging species like vetiver grass shows removal efficiency of more than 70% COD, 50% Nitrates, 50% Phosphates.

Optimization Techniques for Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems – An Assessment was the next talk by Ms. Arpita Johri. The talk focused on the various optimization techniques employed to analyze various technical, economic and environmental aspects of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems (HRES). In HRES, two renewable energy technologies are combined and optimized for best energy conversion efficiencies. Amongst various optimization techniques, the hybrid metaheuristic techniques were found to be best suited for a HRES comprising PV systems and biomass. On this, Professor Gary Dirks commented that HOMER is a widely used technique in United States and the world over. He further enquired about the efficiency analysis of HOMER technique, if any, was undertaken by the speaker. The speaker replied that no work till now was done and the presentation was only a literature survey.

Dr. Raunak Dhanker talked on Diatoms as a Sustainable Biofuel, and focused on the importance of employing aquatic plant sources like diatoms for bioenergy generation that combines a source of renewable energy with a plethora of value-added products. Diatoms are abundant in the oceans due to their unique evolutionary history and their adapting capabilities to varied environmental conditions. The residual portion of diatoms after biofuel extraction can be utilized for the production of valuable products and as life feed in aquaculture. The speaker represented results from her own work where it was found that diatoms secrete polyunsaturated aldehydes in presence of Si and trace metals. Moreover, the silicate cell walls of diatoms can find application in nanotechnology. Pofessor Gary Dirks applauded the work and commented that biomass production using algae systems is difficult. He further enquired about the comparison of results using Scenedesmus algae which is known for high productivity. Scenarios of Energy Resource Utilization in 2030 for India, by Mr. Mikael Habteselassie Assefa, talked on the potential of energy sources for the nation, considering the current utilization patterns and different possible alternative energy scenarios. The data was analysed for their overall impact (economic & environmental) and the energy scenario predictions for 2030 has been reported. The predicted results were compared with that of the government reports. It was found that by using wind energy as the main source, CO2 emissions and cost of energy can be reduced. The speaker himself observed that more analysis has to be done by incorporating important factors like cost of transportation, etc. to predict a more accurate scenario.

Lastly, Mr Vijay Prakash Sharma, talked on Sustainability of Industry 4.0 Model in Renewable Energy Sector in India. The talk focussed on the unique features of industry 4.0 with respect to the present status of Indian manufacturing industries and their transition status towards cleaner energy production and utilization. The proposed case studies will be of a glass factory in Haridwar where sensor-based methodologies will be implemented and analysed. The chairs expressed doubts over the claim by the speaker regarding the case study and advised him to present real results instead of already known concepts.

Session- Water Science and Technology

This session was on water science and technology. Water Science and Technology session is basically on wastewater treatment, climate change and water quality management. This includes management of polluting and hazardous waste, the effects and impact of pollution on bodies of water and the policy and strategy of water quality and reuse however some solutions to overcome this problem was also discussed in the form of bioinorganic chemistry point of view where the topic was Mixed-Valent {MnIII(mu–O)2MnIV}3+ Core Towards Oxidation of Phenols, and Correlation with Photosystem II.

In this session total seven lectures/talk were delivered. The Ist oral presentation was related to Bioinspired Coordination Chemistry solutions for Water Science and Technology, 2nd oral presentation (Paper ID = 86) was related to Modelling 1D-2D hydrodynamic SWMM model tomitigate flooding and priorities flood prone area. 3rd oral presentation (Paper ID = 90) was related to Geospatial evaluation of drought vulnerability and adaptive capacity using multi-criteria index in central India. 4th oral presentation (Paper ID = 100) was on the Analysis of Intensity-Duration-Frequency and Depth-Duration-Frequency Curve Projections under Climate Variability. 5th oral presentation (Paper ID = 28) discussed on the study of Groundwater Salinity in Mewat district, Haryana, India. 6th oral presentation (Paper ID = 109) was related to The Study of Monsoonal Rainfall Across Sahibi River Basin To Understand Flood Regime: A Preliminary Investigation. 7th oral presentation (Paper ID = 36) was related to Exploring Policy Interventions in Urban Groundwater Abstraction: Development of an Agent Based Model.

This session provided a huge ups and downs related to wastewater treatment, climate change and water quality management and how the society and environment is affected by these factors. The current data and figures which are signs of serious problems related to waste water, climate change and water quality and the ideas were shared to solve these problems. Overall this session was basically related to challenges faced by society and environment and how to overcome these problems.

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