Eminent Scientists’s Webinars

 

Eminent Scientists’ Webinar Series

Organized by

School of Basic and Applied Sciences

8th August- 19th Nov 2020

Total Sessions: 13

Session 1: Two Dimensional Magnetic Nanostructures and their Applications

Venue Details :
Speaker : Dr Subhash Thota, Associate Professor, Physics, IIT Guwahati
Date : 8th August 2020

Dr. Subhash Thota is a Materials Scientist & Experimental Condensed Matter Physicist currently working as Associate professor at Department of Physics of IIT Guwahati. Dr Subhash Thota started the session with showing some glimpses of Guwahati University, Guwahati city and his research lab. He also appreciated the prof. (Dr.) R K Thakur and his team for organising webinar series.

Dr Subhash delivered his lecture on ‘Two dimensional Magnetic nanostructure and Their Applications’ and driven the participants from basic level of science to research level. He started with concept of quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots and its applications. Latest example is quantum dot TV launched by Samsung company which works by placing a film of quantum dots in front of regular LED backlight panel. The layer is made up of tiny particles (Q dots) each of which emits its own individual colour depending on its size as they have discrete energy. He elaborated ‘Thin films technology’ and various sophisticated deposition techniques like Magnetron sputtering, Thermal evaporation, Electron beam evaporation, Chemical vapour deposition, Molecular beam epitaxy and Pulsed laser deposition with RHEED (Reflection High Energy Electon Diffraction) gun. Single atom deposition can be done with Atomic Laser deposition technique. He also confer the role of eximer laser in pulse laser deposition technique (PLD) and basics of LASER. RHEED (Reflection High Energy Electron Diffraction) can also be used to monitor homoepitaxial growth of thin film on substrate by pulsed laser technique and the sharp and streaky pattern of RHEED study of deposition indicate the smoothness of thin layer.

Dr Subhash also apprised the participant about Sir C. Kumar N. Patel, an Indian engineer, who invented carbon dioxide laser in early 1960 at Bell labs. He also discussed about perovskities, Superlattice structure and their quantum size effects. The magnetic recording process utilizes a thin film transducer for writing and reading of bits onto a thin film desk and for the detection. He discussed the basic physical parameters of magnetic materials like Magnetic dipole, Magnetic Moment, Magnetic Susceptibility, Flux Density, Torque, Hysteresis, Magnetization, Ferromagnetism, Magnetic Domain, Magnetic Domain Wall, anti-ferromagnetism, Paramagnetic gases, Neel Walla, Barkhausen effect, Faraday and Kerr effect, Small Particle effect etc. He also confer the participants with ‘Super-paramagnetism’, its properties and their biomedical applications.

Session 2: 54 Years in Service of NASA: A Learning Experience

Venue Details :
Speaker : Dr. Kumar Krishen, Senior Scientist,
(NASA Exceptional Service Medal)
Johnson Space Center, NASA, USA
Adjunct Professor at the University of Houston, USA,
Date : 11th August 2020

The second session of the series titled ’54 Years in NASA Service: A Learning Experience’ was delivered by Dr. Kumar Krishen, Chief Technologist/ The Krishen Foundation ST/ Senior Scientist/ Lead Technologist NASA (Formerly) on 11 August 2020. He is a professor at the University of Houston, US, and an honorary professor at the University of Delhi Technology. The session was moderated by Prof Dr. Ram Krishna Thakur, Dean, School of Basic and Applied Sciences.

Dr. Thakur started the session with warm welcome of Dr. Kumar Krishen and thanking him for being available for the webinar at midnight (US time stamp) and gave a brief introduction of the speaker

Dr. Krishen, during the session, shared the highlights of his 54 years of service to NASA and talked about both successes and failures in his pursuits. He gave examples of successful technical projects that he completed. In addition, he highlighted some problems he encountered that still need to be solved. Dr. Krishen has worked on advanced original concepts concerning remote sensing, health systems, science payloads, sensor systems, communications and tracking systems, mission support technologies, and automation and robotics technologies.

Dr. Kumar Krishan reiterated Albert Einstein’s views during the session ‘Imagination is more important than knowledge and experience is the only source of knowledge’. He motivated the young generation to work voluntarily because from that one can gain experience which is needed for technological innovations. He urged students and faculty to contribute to nation building through progress in science and technology education. He is determined to serve the nation by strengthening the defence of the country through his research. He concluded the talk by saying “When a teacher learns the nation leads’’. This webinar was attended by more than 125 participants including eminent persons such as Professor PB Sharma, Vice Chancellor Amity University Haryana.

Concluding the session Prof. Dr. R.K. Thakur, Dean, School of Basic and Applied Sciences, said that the development of the country is possible only through science and technology education. Dr. Sonika Sethi played a key role in organizing this webinar as coordinator. The talk was well received by both the students and the faculty and was particularly motivating for the students. This was an inspirational webinar meant to entice students and faculty with the addictions of performing scientific inquisitions, analysing problems and coming up with relevant, predictable, repeatable and reliable solutions.

The session concluded with a warm vote of thanks from the Honourable Dean of SoBAS, GDGU

Session 3: Resources from Extreme Environments

Venue Details :
Speaker : Prof. HANS-Uwe Dahms, Ph.D., D.Sc.
Kaohsiung Medical University, Dept. of Biomedical Science
and Environmental Biology, Taiwan R.O.C

Date : 21st August 2020

In the third session of this webinar series, Hans-Uwe Dahms, Professor, Ph. D., Dept. of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology, Kaohsiung Medical University (KMU), Taiwan ROC discussed that extreme environments are unique and very ancient environments which provide several advantages for the advancement of life sciences as well as for pharmacology and medicines. Extreme environments may provide a particular advantage to better understand evolutionary conditions of planet earth and future climate predictions since extreme environments share several similarities with early earth scenarios as well as with projected global and climate changes. He further emphasized that pharmacological interest has enhanced natural product discoveries at extreme environments from inorganic and biological sources. Professor Dhams advised more than 25 Ph.D. students in their research and published about 320 publications. Many Students are doing Phd under him right now. He served as a reviewer for 82 SCI journals, as editorial board member of 16 reputed scientific journals, Academic Editor of PLosONE (Medicine & Life Sciences), and as Editor in Chief of FRONTIERS in Marine Pollution. He is PI and Co PI in 11 research projects. He has worked in 7-8 countries before joining as Professor in KMU, Taiwan. He has more than 6,000 citations. He has delivered invited talks in many countries across the world. Professor Dahms invited School of Basic and Applied Sciences to collaborate for research, faculty, research scholar and students exchange. Professor, Dean of School of Earth Biological and Environmental Sciences, Censtral University of South Bihar, Gaya, Bihar and more than 100 legendary personalities from different countries participated in the webinar.

Session 4: Nanotechnology training and research at CeNSE, IISc: INUP and C-DNA.

Venue Details :
Speaker : Dr Ambarish Ghosh,
Associate Professor, Physics
Centre for Nano Science and Engineering,
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
&
Dr. Akshay Naik, Associate Professor,
Centre for Nano Science and Engineering,
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

Date : 28th August 2020

The fourth ‘Eminent Scientists’ Webinar Series was delivered by eminent Professors, Dr. Akshay Naik and Dr. Ambarish Ghosh, Centre for Nano Science and Engineering, IISc, Bangalore and delivered talk on the topic ‘Nanotechnology Training and Research at CeNSE, IISc: INUP and C-DNA’. Prof. (Dr.) Ram Krishna Thakur, Dean, School of Basic and Applied Sciences, who was moderated the session gave introductory remark on developments of Nanoelectronics. Later on, Prof. Thakur introduced the speakers of the session and handed over platform to them.

In first phase of session, Prof. (Dr.) Akshay Naik gave an overview of outreach activity ‘Indian Nanoelectronics Users program’ (INUP) at Centre of Nano Science and Engineering (CeNSE) at Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, India. INUP enables any researcher in in India to execute project at CeNSE. He discussed about workshops/basic training, Hands-on-training/Advanced training and project execution facilities with full financial and technical support with no conflict of interest. Approximately 750 organization all over India and more than 8000 researcher were benefited. INUP has state-of-art facilities benched marked at world level, provide platform for researcher in field of Nanoelectronics.

The session was further proceeded by Prof (Dr.) Ambarish Ghosh. He discussed another outreach program ‘C-DNA’ at Centre of Nano Science and Engineering (CeNSE) at Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, India. C-DNA is a special training program aimed at researcher from biology or medical background, who are interested to pursue interdisciplinary research in Nanobiotechnology. This program runs in collaboration with Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Science (RGUHS) Karnataka. The primary aim of C-DNA is to create awareness about recent advancements in the field of nanotechnology. These outreach program offers training and research opportunities in nanotechnology for researchers all across India at CeNSE, IISc.

There were about 70 participants in the session and participants appreciated the exposure to outreach program at IISc. The participants also asked several questions in this regard. Prof. (Dr.) R. K. Thakur, Dean of School of Basic and Applied Sciences, appreciated the speakers for their scholastic contribution in field Science and thanked the speakers for enlightening and informative session

Session 5: Science in Industry: Experiences in a Globalized World

Venue Details :
Speaker : Dr rer. nat. Rupert Ecker
Chief Executive Officer, Ph.D
TissueGnostics GmBH, Austria

Date : 7th September 2020 (Monday)

During the talk Dr Ecker explained about ddetermining the in-situ immune status of diseased organs or quantify coexpression of molecules on the single-cell level has mostly been subject to visual estimation, or – at best – to manual counting for decades. Hence, experts usually had the choice of the “least of evils” between guessing and endless (manual) counting. In tumor immunology, infiltrating inflammatory cells need to be phenotypically characterized on a quantitative basis. To better understand the function of inflammatory cells in tumor development, type and number of inflammatory cells and their proximity to glandular/tumor structures have to be analyzed in-situ and correlated with disease state. The session was moderated by Dr. Ram Krishna Thakur, Dean, School of Basic and Applied Sciences. Dr. Thakur concluded the session thanking the speaker, students and all attendees for their enthusiastic participation.

Session 6: Crime Scene Investigation

Venue Details :
Speaker : Dr Harsh Sharma,
Director, State Forensic Science Laboratory, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.

Date : 13 September 2020 (Sunday)

The sixth webinar in the series of ‘Eminent Scientist webinar’ was delivered by Dr. Harsh Sharma regarding ‘Crime Scene Investigation’ on September 13, 2020. Dr. Sharma served as the Director, State Forensic Science Laboratory, Govt. of M.P. and has investigated numerous crime scenes involving homicide, suicide, accident, rape, explosion, arson with more than 35 years of experience in Forensic Science and Crime scene investigation.

Dr. Sharma explained participants about different types of crimes, physical evidences, and the key observatory skills required to investigate the crime scene. He also briefed the participants with few complex cases where he gave his opinion using deep insight and depth of knowledge in the discipline. Students actively participated in the session and resolved their queries at the end. More than 100 participants were there in the session and found the session very interesting and informative. The session was moderated by Dr. Ram Krishna Thakur, Dean, School of Basic and Applied Sciences. Dr. Thakur concluded the session thanking the speaker, students and all attendees for their enthusiastic participation.

Session 7: 3D Forensic Facial Reconstruction

Venue Details :
Speaker : Dr O. P. Jasuja,
Professor and Head, Forensic Science Department, RIMT University,
Mandi Gobindgarh, Punjab

Date : 18 September 2020 (Friday)

The next webinar in the series of ‘Eminent Scientist webinar’ was delivered by Dr. O. P. Jasuja on the topic ‘3D Forensic Facial Reconstruction’ on September 18, 2020. Dr. Jasuja is recipient of many awards, delivered several invited lectures internationally and has published more than hundred papers of national and international repute. Dr. Jauja is currently heading the Forensic Science Department, RIMT University, Mandi, Gobindgarh, Punjab.

Dr. Jasuja explained anthropology technique of 3D Forensic Facial Reconstruction with its different aspects like needs, method and requirement in personal identification. Dr. Jasuja explained how 3D facial reconstructions is used by making face over the skull on the basis of standard tissue depth which provides a lead for the investigation. More than hundred participants were there in the session from different Universities and Forensic science laboratories. Participants found the session informative and asked their queries at the end of the session. The session was moderated by Dr. Ram Krishna Thakur, Dean, School of Basic and Applied Sciences. Dr. Thakur concluded the session thanking the speaker, students and all attendees for their enthusiastic participation.

Session 8:Dissecting the genetic complexity of prostate cancer

Venue Details :
Speaker : Dr. Jyotsna Batra,
Associate Professor
Lab Head, Molecular Genetics Lab
School of Biomedical Sciences
Translational Research Institute Pty Ltd (QUT)
Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia

Date : 25 Sept 2020, Friday

The eight session of the eminent scientist’s webinar series was graced by Associate Prof Batra, who is an Advance Queensland Industry research Fellow and Laboratory Head at the School of Biomedical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane. The session was started by Dr Ram Krishna Thakur, Dean, SOBAs, with an introduction of the speaker and about relevance of the talk. Dr Jyotsna than started her talk with an introduction to the basics of cancer for non-biological background participants. She explained about diagnosing the prostate cancer and also about PSA test, IRX4 interactions with androgen receptors. Dr Batra also explained role of androgens in prostate cancer, which actually aroused many questions among the participants. Dr. Batra mentioned that knowledge of functional roles for GWAS-identified variants with respect to disease is in the very early stages is the focus of her research. Her main work is to identify the relevance of these novel genetic polymorphisms including those present in miRNA binding regions in prostate cancer pathology, to map these variants to appropriate gene and/or long non-coding RNAs, and to delineate the mechanism by which these genes might alter prostate cancer risk.

During the session, Dr. R.G. Sharma, Emeritus Scientist (MEITY Project Advisor) Inter-University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi, was also present. He shared his views and appreciated Dr Batra for such an informative talk. The session was attended by more than 90 participants and the interest in the talk was depicted by several questions asked at the end of the session. Dr. Jyotsna also mentioned that QUT, entertains UG students for internship and she also mentioned some internships like endeavour, for post graduate students.

Dr Thakur, concluded the session, with heartfelt thanks to Dr Batra for such an interesting talk; and he thanked Dr. Sonika Sethi and her team, for connecting with Dr Jyotsna and organizing this webinar.

Session 9: Superconductivity: From Discovery to Fusion Power and Healthcare

Venue Details :
Speaker : Dr. R.G.Sharma
Emeritus Scientist (MEITY Project Advisor)
Inter-University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi
Former Deputy Director & Head,
Divison of Cryogenics and Superconductivity,CSIR- NPL, New Delhi

Date : 9 Oct 2020, Friday

An online eminent scientist session was conducted on 09 October 2020 by Prof (Dr.) R G Sharma moderated by Dean, SOBAS, Prof (Dr.) Ram Krishna Thakur. Prof. Ram Krishna Thakur firstly introduced the speaker and warmly welcomed him for conducting the session. Prof. R G Sharma is one of the best known scientist in the country with 56 years of experience in the field of Low Temperature Physics, Superconductivity, Superconducting Magnets and Cryogenics. Dr. Sharma firstly introduced the concept of a superconductor as having zero resistance when cooled below a critical temperature Tc, a few degrees above absolute zero. Besides, a superconductor is also a perfect diamagnet and thus not allow a magnetic field to enter it. Maximum use of superconductor has been made in building magnets producing small field to as high as 45.5 T field. He explained some very interesting aspects of superconductors such as superconducting magnets have been the backbone of powerful particle accelerators like the LHC (large hadron collider) at CERN which led to the discovery of the illusive Higgs Boson. Modern whole body MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scanners use (1.5/3T) superconducting magnet because a current can flow in a superconducting magnet persistently forever without the power supply, if only the magnet terminals are shorted after energizing the magnet.

This leads to unprecedented field stability which is a primary requirement of an MRI magnet. Superconductivity thus serves the humanity at large, MRI being a most common diagnostic tool with the radiologists in hospitals. Fusion reactors, which create the Sun in the laboratory, are being built in several countries and through international efforts to produce clean electric power beyond 2040. Huge superconducting magnets are also mandated in these machines to contain hot plasma in Tokamak configuration. Overall participants attended the session were nearly 100 from across the country comprising of researchers, teachers and UG, PG students. The session was finally concluded with a vote of thanks from moderator, extending his appreciation to the speaker and all the participants.

Session 10: Air Quality Monitoring Assessment And Management Strategies

Venue Details :
Speaker : Shri (Dr.) S. K. Tyagi
Former Director
Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
Ministry of Environment
New Delhi

Date : 22 Oct 2020, Friday

The Session 10 of ‘Eminent Scientist Webinar Series’ started with welcome of participants by Professor (Dr.) R. K. Thakur, Dean, SoBAS. He introduced and invited the speaker of session Shri (Dr.) S. K. Tyagi, Former Director, Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), on the topic ‘Air Quality Monitoring Assessment and Management Strategies’. Dr. S. K. Tyagi is an eminent scientist with over 38 years of experience in air quality monitoring and management with CPCB. The session emphasized on an overview of air pollution issues related to industrial air pollution, urban vehicular pollution, other sources and aggravating factors like adverse meteorological logical conditions, growth of population and increasing transport. The air quality improvement plan chronology of actions taken particular in Delhi and in the country with respect to control of air pollution including a roadmap of fuel quality, emission norms alternative fuels, restrictions on grossly polluting industries and old age vehicles vis a vis improvement in air quality as an impact of implementation of various actions in Delhi as case study with respect to criteria pollutants and air toxics will be tagged besides other issues like traffic management system, major air pollution problems and other miscellaneous sources of air pollution . The existing acts, rules and guidelines for the air pollution in India and summary of air pollution control methodologies, air quality monitoring and dissemination, electric mobility, non-technical measures, air quality index prior and during covid-19 and air quality standards will be highlighted.

Dr. S. K. Tyagi said that air pollution is a severe problem in urban areas. Volatile organic compounds are invisible pollutants. He highlighted various air pollution challenges in Delhi i.e. waste burning at MSW dumping sites, vehicular emissions, agro-residue burning, DG Sets, and industrial emissions etc. The vehicular growth has been uncontrolled with increasing purchasing power of people. Vehicular emissions are source of toxic pollutants i.e. VOC’s and Benzene. He stated that 20% of pollution in Delhi is due to resuspension of dust. He also explained role of meteorological conditions i.e. low dilution during winter. He further highlighted various steps taken in Delhi, i.e. unleaded petrol, less sulphur fuel, catalytic converter, CNG, closure of hazardous industries, industry relocation, and vehicles replacement to run on clean fuel (CNG), since 1980’s to manage air quality in Delhi during his tenure. He has played an important role through pollution monitoring and decision making in above strategies. He said that PM10, PM2.5, and NOx are growing problem in Delhi wrt air quality management. PM10 increases due to increase in number of vehicles. CO is gradually decreasing. NO2 has not declined with use of CNG due to high combustion temperature which generates more NO2. The pollution monitoring strategy has been very important to manage air pollution in Delhi. He further familiarized participants with Air Quality Index and its significance.

The session increased curiosity among participants and resulted in intense discussion afterwards. Dr. Sonika Sethi asked questions on behalf of participants to Dr. Tyagi. The student queries weresatisfactorily answered. The session was concluded by Professor (Dr.) R. K. Thakur with enlightening words and acknowledgement of speaker and organizing team

Session 11: Characterization Techniques of Nanostructures

Venue Details :
Speaker : Prof. Shatendra K Sharma,
Professor, School of Engineering and Director, University Science Instrumentation Centre,
Jawaharlal Nehru University
New Delhi – 110067 (India).

Date : 30 Oct 2020, Friday

The eleventh session of the series titled ‘Characterization Techniques of Nanostructures’ was delivered by Prof. (Dr.) Shatendra Kumar Sharma, Professor, School of engineering and Director, University Science Instrumentation Centre, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India on 30 October 2020. The session was moderated by Prof (Dr.) Ram-Krishna Thakur, Dean, School of Basic and Applied Sciences.

Prof. (Dr.) Ram-Krishna Thakur, Dean, School of Basic and Applied Sciences, GD Goenka University introduced the resource person by welcoming the guest and all the members and external participants. Prof. Sharma began his talk with a question ‘What is characterisation?’ It is the study of the various physical and chemical properties of materials. The techniques that are commonly used depends upon the materials in consideration. In this regard, Prof. Sharma mentioned that the characterisation of nanoparticles is significant as the properties of nanoparticles depend upon size and shape of the materials. There are several parameters to be considered for characterization viz. size, shape, morphology. Moreover, the comparison of bulk with surface properties are important for nanostructures. He emphasized on the arrangement of atoms like crystalline or amorphous that modifies the properties of the materials. He went on to explain the various characterization techniques like X-ray diffraction techniques, FT-IR Spectroscopy, Raman Spectroscopy, UV-VIS absorption spectroscopy, photoluminescence studies, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray mapping, advanced microscopic techniques like scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM).

The highly technical talk was followed by questions from the audience. Dr. Raunak Dhankar, faculty from GD Goenka University asked about the best techniques for characterising nanoparticles. Prof. Sharma responded by stating that the choice of methods depends upon the material under consideration. Miss Saumya Shalu, research scholar from BIT-Mesra asked about the theory of Rietveld analysis for XRD studies. Prof. Sharma responded by stating that it is a complicated subject broadly performing reverse engineering to determine the crystal structures of unknown materials. Miss Saumya further enquired about the applicability of backscattering method in SEM. Prof. Sharma responded that if the sample is not showing good secondary emission, then backscattering method can be used. Dr. Soumita Talukdar, faculty from GD Goenka University asked about the methods to determine oxidation states of inorganic materials. Prof. Sharma responded by saying that techniques like FT-IR and NMR is suitable for that.

The webinar was attended by more than 100 participants including students and researchers from various institutes across the country. Concluding the session Prof. Dr. R.K. Thakur, Dean, School of Basic and Applied Sciences, said that the characterisation techniques for nanomaterials hold an important role for the development of new and exciting materials that will lead to the betterment of society. Dr. Sonika Sethi played a key role in organizing this webinar as coordinator. The talk was well received by both the students, researchers and the faculty and was particularly motivating for the students. This was an inspirational webinar meant to entice students and faculty to perform innovative scientific research in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology.The session concluded with a warm vote of thanks from the Honourable Dean of SoBAS, GDGU.

Session 12: Quantum dots for sensing applications

Venue Details :
Speaker : Dr. R.K. Dutta
Professor, Department of Chemistry
Head, Centre of Nanotechnology,
IIT Roorkee, Uttrakhand

Date : 06 Nov, Friday

The session was dedicated to quantum dots and their application as sensing probe. Prof Dutta started the session with the insights of Quantum dots. Basics about the quantum dots, quantum confinement effect, types of quantum dots were also discussed. The various methods of synthesis and challenges faced in sensing applications were addressed and explained. Conventional methods for controlling shape, size and dimensionalities of the nanoparticles were discussed. Prof. Dutta then led onto explaining the photophysical properties exhibited by quantum dots and application of this property in various sensing applications. Prior explaining the sensing applications, mechanism of different types of sensing were also discussed. Single CdS quantum dots, CdTe/CdS core-shell type quantum dots and a carbon quantum dot as probes for sensing applications were introduced.Further current research on quantum dots as probe for heavy metal ion detection such as uranyl ions, Ni ions, etc., organic toxic contaminants such as PAH, fertilizers such as phenols, etc. were discussed. Finally Prof. R. K. Dutta concluded the session by sharing his views on WHAT NEXT in the field of sensing by quantum dots.

The session was attended by overall 60 participants comprising of faculty members, students, and research scholars of GD Goenka University as well as IIT Roorkee. The session was moderated by Dean, SOBAS Prof.(Dr.) R.K. Thakur.

Session 13: Ballast Water and Bio Invasions

Venue Details :
Speaker : Dr. Guillaume Drillet
Regional Manager, SGS Asia Pacific Ltd., Singapore

Date : 19 Nov 2020, Thursday

Report: In the thirteenth session of this webinar series, Dr Guillaume Drillet, Regional Manager, SGS Asia Pacific Ltd, Singapore and Chairman of Global TestNet, delivered talk on Ballast water and Bio Invasions on 19 November, 2020. He offered an overview of how shipping has been found to be a vector of bio-invasion and how international policies have been developed around best science to protect our environment and render the industry more sustainable. Further, he discussed the impacts of aquatic bio-invasions, about shipping, about the International Maritime Organization. More than 60 legendary personalities participated in the webinar. Professor, R. K. Thakur, Dean of School of Basic and Applied Sciences has moderated this session. The session is coordinated by Dr. Sonika Sethi, Dr. Raunak Dhanker Dr. Shashank Kamble and other team members successfully.

Remarks: The webinars were attended by students, PhD scholars and faculties from GDGU and external participants. Particpants between 80-120 were present in different sessions. All the sessions were scientific and research orientated, and inculcated the interest towards the science in young scholars. The sessions were beneficial for faculties and researchers from Material science, Physics, Chemistry and allied areas. At the end of talks, the forum was opened for question and answer sessions. Dr. Sonika Sethi, organiser of ‘Eminent webinar series’, had given thanks to all the eminient speakers for scholarly lectures. The sessions were concluded by Professor Thakur with enlightening words and extended thanks to speakers for conducting commendable sessions. He also acknowledged organizing team, faculties and participants.

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